Underwater drones are submersible, waterproof drones that allow users to remotely explore aquatic habitats. One or more propellers on these drones allow them to move through the currents of an underwater environment. The majority of them are equipped with cameras, obstacle avoidance sensors, and strong illumination to capture high-quality film even in low-light conditions like as those seen underwater.
Underwater drones, also known as unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs), are the sort of vehicles that are capable of operating under water (including the ocean and sea) without the presence of a human occupant or operator. AUVs are generally divided into two categories: remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROVs), which are controlled by a human operator from a distance throughout their operations, and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), which are capable of functioning autonomously without the need for real-time human input.
A number of factors, including an increase in deep-water offshore oil and gas exploration, an increase in demand for underwater drones for defence and security applications, an increase in demand for oceanographic research, and an increase in government support to modernise military forces, are expected to fuel the growth of the global underwater drone market over the forecast period. The communication issues associated with AUVs, on the other hand, are likely to provide a significant barrier to the growth of the worldwide underwater drone market during the forecast period.
The market has been categorised into types, propulsion systems, applications, product types, and regions. Types of propulsion systems are classified as follows: electric, hybrid, and hybrid electric.
Further, the type sector is subdivided into three categories: remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and hybrid vehicles
The market is divided into three categories based on propulsion type: electric system, mechanical system, and hybrid system.
The market is split into four categories based on application: defence & security, scientific research, commercial exploration, and other applications.
On the basis of product type, the underwater drone market can be divided into the following categories: micro, small and medium businesses, light business classes, and heavy business classes.
The market is divided into four regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
The Boeing Company, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Bluefin Robotics, Saab Seaeye Ltd, Teledyne Marine Group, Kongsberg Maritime, Oceaneering International, Inc., TechnipFMC plc, ECA Group, and Deep Ocean Engineering, Inc. are some of the major participants in the underwater drone industry.
The advantages of underwater drones
- The usage of these devices allows individuals to explore delicate seascapes without causing harm to the ecosystem.
- Some underwater drones are equipped with VR goggles for first-person-view (FPV) experiences.
- A large number of underwater drones are capable of capturing high-definition photographs.
- They often have a longer operating period than airborne drones.
Underwater drones have their limitations
- A drone operating under water often has a restricted operating range.
- Prices for these items are quite expensive.
- To communicate with the surface, the majority of underwater ROVs must be tethered via wire.
- Because waterproof controls are unusual, users must control the drone from the ground.