The Indian conception of a sphinx that comes closest to the classic Greek idea is in the concept of the Sharabha, a mythical creature, part lion, part man and part bird, and the form of Sharabha that god Shiva took on to counter Narasimha's violence. [1.1] ORTHOS & KHIMAIRA (Hesiod Theogony 326)[2.1] TYPHOEUS & EKHIDNA (Apollodorus 3.52, Hyginus Pref & Fabulae 151, Lasus Frag 706A)[2.2] TYPHOEUS & KHIMAIRA (Scholiast on Hesiod & Euripides) Head from a female sphinx, c. 1876–1842 BCE, Brooklyn Museum, Typical Egyptian sphinx with a human head (Museo Egizio, Turin), Sphinx of Egyptian pharaoh Hatshepsut with unusual ear and ruff features, 1503–1482.
In contrast to the sphinxes in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Greece, of which the traditions largely have been lost due to the discontinuity of the civilization, the traditions related to the "Asian sphinxes" are very much alive today.
In both cases, Oedipus can therefore be recognized as a "liminal" or threshold figure, helping effect the transition between the old religious practices, represented by the death of the Sphinx, and the rise of the new, Olympian gods.
", This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 22:06. 12th Dynasty, c. 1800 BC.
However, the historian Susan Wise Bauer suggests that the word "sphinx" was instead a Greek corruption of the Egyptian name "shesepankh", which meant "living image", and referred rather to the statue of the sphinx, which was carved out of "living rock" (rock that was present at the construction site, not harvested and brought from another location), than to the beast itself.  Statius describes her as a winged monster, with pallid cheeks, eyes tainted with corruption, plumes clotted with gore and talons on livid hands. Later, the sphinx image, initially very similar to the original Ancient Egyptian concept, was exported into many other cultures, albeit they're often interpreted quite differently due to translations of descriptions of the originals and through the evolution of the concept in relation to other cultural traditions. N. pag. The first appearances of sphinxes in French art are in the School of Fontainebleau in the 1520s and 1530s and she continues into the Late Baroque style of the French Régence (1715–1723). Oedipus solved the riddle by answering: "Man—who crawls on all fours as a baby, then walks on two feet as an adult, and then uses a walking stick in old age". Several gods were angry with the Thebans. Her body is naturalistically rendered as a recumbent lioness.
Greek scholars have put forward to versions of this riddle: “What has one voice but four feet, then two feet, then three feet?” The solution to this riddle, which the Sphinx learned from the Nine Muses, is “man.” As a baby, man crawls on four feet.
Sphinxes were included in the decoration of the loggia of the Vatican Palace by the workshop of Raphael (1515–20), which updated the vocabulary of the Roman grottesche. Marble sphinx on a cavetto capital, Attic, c. 580–575 B.C. Men are encouraged to develop these powers, so that they can reach the chimera’s ideal state of wisdom and master the four elements, water, air, fire, and earth. Oedipus responded to this offer. Sigmund Freud describes "the question of where babies come from" as a riddle of the Sphinx. “There are two sisters.
In addition, the Egyptian sphinx was viewed as benevolent but having a ferocious strength similar to the malevolent Greek version. In India, the guardians are part man, part eagle, and part lion.
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